aangot asked: Hi! Love your blog. I enjoy math, but the unfortunate thing is that Im really bad at it. Is this strange to be bad at a subject you enjoy? And what do you recommend someone does if they want to get better at math?
No that’s not strange at all! Part of the fun of learning something new is its difficulty. If you want to learn more about math all you have to do is stay curious. Wikipedia is always a great resource. Talk to your math teachers or professors and see what fields would be most useful at your age and see if you can buy some text books relating to the subject. Youtube has useful channels too, like Khan Academy.
Anonymous asked: What are the 9 types of energy
Why don’t you check out this earlier post. It should give you a brief intro to the types of energy, the law of conservation of energy, efficiency and Sankey diagrams!
Hopefully that will help you out and thank you for the question!
As always, feel free to submit any other inquiries to our ask.
Anonymous asked: Hi! I stumbled upon your tumblr, and I'd like to start off by saying how amazing it is, and thank you for making this tumblr! Moreon to my issue, i'm currently studying crude oil in Chemistry. Could you please help me understand"cracking" in terms of crude oil? From what I understand, 'cracking' is the CHEMICAL process of breaking down large molecules into smaller ones. And they 'crack' crude oil to refine it into petroleum; fractional distillation being a PHYSICAL process. More info please?
It sounds like you’re a bit confused between fractional distillation and cracking. It’s true that cracking is a chemical process and fractional distillation is a physical process, but by saying that I mean to show you that they’re two entirely different processes.
When crude oil is first extracted from the ground, is made up of a variety of different hydrocarbons (chemical compounds that only consist of carbon and hydrogen), some very short (ethene) and some long (decane), and is entirely useless in this state. Hydrocarbons can be separated into two groups: alkanes and alkenes. An alkane is saturated, meaning it holds as many hydrogen atoms as possible, whereas an alkene is unsaturated and contains a double carbon bond.
Fractional distillation serves to separate the longer hydrocarbons from the shorter hydrocarbons by their boiling points. This works because the longer the hydrocarbon, the higher the boiling point and viscosity and the lower the flammability.
Fractional distillation takes place as follows:
- Crude oil is vapourised and fed into the bottom of the fractionating column.
- As the vapour rises up the column, the temperature falls.
- Fractions with different boiling points condense at different levels of the column and can be collected.
- The fractions with high boiling points (long chain hydrocarbons) condense and are collected at the bottom of the column
- Fractions with low boiling points (short chain hydrocarbons) rise to the top of the column where they condense and are collected.
To see a diagram of the fractional distillation process, click here.
Cracking on the other hand, breaks long alkanes down into shorter, more useful alkane and alkene molecules. It requires a catalyst (a substance that causes or accelerates a chemical reaction without itself being affected) and a high temperature. This is done mainly to assuage the high industrial demand for the shorter molecules. The alkenes are typically converted into polymers (plastics) while the alkanes are sought after as a fuel source. Cracking is an example of a thermal decomposition reaction.
I hope that helps clear up some of your confusion.
Happy π Day math lovers!
We here at Say It With Science would like to celebrate it with you by sharing some interesting trivia about one of our favorite physicists, Richard Feynman, and one of our favorite constants, π (pi). The Feynman Point is a sequence of six 9’s beginning at the 762nd decimal place of π, named after Nobel Prize winning physicist Richard Feynman. Feynman had memorized π to this point so that he could end his recitation of the mathematical constant by saying “nine nine nine nine nine nine and so on…”. At this point someone less knowledgeable about mathematics might assume the number continues this way forever, however we know better. It is believed that π is a normal number, meaning that its digits are as uniformly distributed among the digits 1 through 9 (or the digits of any other base you choose to use). If π is a normal number then the chances of coming across six 9’s in a row is 0.08%. Strange occurrences like this are what makes math beautiful. π Day is a perfect reason to start memorizing as many digits of π as you can! Happy π Day!